healthy grilling tips for meat fish and chicken

Healthy grilling tips for meat, fish and chicken

Braaiing or switching on the grill to cook your meat, fish or chicken?

Follow these simple healthy grilling tips to keep your meal as healthy as possible.

Cooking makes food more appealing, easier to digest and, quite often, healthier.

But cooking at high temperatures – such as grilling pork sausages in the oven or braaiing a snoek over hot coals – could mean that you’re introducing harmful chemicals to your meal.
Research shows that:

  • Cancer-causing chemicals called heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed when muscle meats such as beef, pork, chicken and fish are cooked at high temperatures.
  • PAHs are formed when the fat and juices from meat drip onto a hot surface or fire, causing flames and smoke.
  • Both PAHs and HCAs are produced when sugar-containing marinades are used on braaiied or grilled meat.
  • Cancer-causing compounds are released when cooking oil goes beyond its smoke point (i.e. when the oil starts burning and smoking).

Use the correct oil for the job

One of the most important steps you can take towards a healthier grilled or braaiied meal is to choose an oil that can handle the heat.
A few facts:

  • While olive oil is incredibly healthy, it doesn’t have a very high smoke point. This means that it isn’t well suited to grilling or braaiing.
  • Although coconut oil has a high smoke point, it does contain high levels of saturated fat – and the jury is still out on exactly how harmful this type of fat is.
  • Sunflower oil also has a high smoke point, but this type of oil contains high levels of pro-inflammatory omega-6 fatty acids.

Some of your best options for grilling and braaiing are extra-virgin, cold-pressed canola oil, avocado oil and peanut oil.

Healthy grilling tips

After you’ve selected the correct type of oil, follow this set of rules to reduce the cancer-causing chemicals in your meal:

  • Don’t use too much cooking oil (only lightly coat your meat or veggies).
  • Don’t use shop-bought or home-made marinades that contain sugar. Flavour meat with herbs, spices and lemon instead.
  • Don’t expose meat to open flames.
  • Add a layer of foil between meat and/or oiled vegetables and your braai grid. Punch a few holes in the foil.
  • Don’t cook meat for too long.
  • Salt meat and veggies after braaiing or grilling it, as salt can lower the smoke point of oil.
  • Remove any charred sections from food before tucking in.

Good to know

Remember that cancer is a complex health condition that cannot be blamed on a single factor such as the cooking method you’re using. If you’re worried about cancer, talk to your doctor about getting the appropriate screening tests done.

 

By CARINE VISAGIE

References:
https://www.cansa.org.za/files/2017/04/Fact-Sheet-Dangers-Meats-Cooked-at-High-Temperatures-April-2017.pdf
https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/08/26/is-roasting-a-healthy-way-to-cook-vegetables/
http://time.com/5342337/best-worst-cooking-oils-for-your-health/
https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-eating/add-color/top-ten-tips-for-healthy-grilling-and-barbecuing
https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/cooked-meats-fact-sheet